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  • Writer's pictureFi Ramos

Summertime First Aid Tips

Acquiring first aid skills gives parents the confidence to act in an emergency. Particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic, this can prevent possible trips to the hospital. Outdoor play is important for children’s development and wellbeing.

Here are some brief practical tips to help keep your children safe:

Sunburns & Heat Exhaustion

Physical activity and dehydration in a hot environment may lead to heat-exhaustion.

  • Make sure children are continuously drinking cold fluids and keeping cool

  • To prevent sunburns, make sure children are applying proper sunscreen

  • Cool the skin with a cool shower or damp towel for at least 10 minutes

  • Apply Aloe Vera lotion to alleviate pain and aid healing

  • For severe sunburns or heat-exhaustion, seek medical assistance

Wounds & Bleeds

  • Rinse small cuts and scrapes with water

  • Never remove objects from a wound, this can cause bleeding

  • Stop a bleed by applying direct pressure and dressing

  • Lie down with legs elevated

  • For severe bleeds call 999 for an ambulance

Limb Injuries

If you are suspecting fractures, stabilise the injured area and seek medical assistance.

Treat strains and sprains with RICE:

  • Rest the injury

  • Ice pack to be applied for up to 10 minutes to reduce swelling

  • Comfortable support such as a sling and bandage to be used

  • Elevate the injury

Head Injuries

  • Stop any bleeding by applying direct pressure and dressing

  • Apply an ice pack to reduce pain and swelling

  • If symptoms deteriorate and child becomes unresponsive, vomits or has a seizure, call 999 for an ambulance

Burns & Scalds

  • Run under cool water for at least 10 minutes

  • To prevent infection, cover with a non-fluffy dressing or cling film

  • For severe burns, call 999 for an ambulance


  • If child becomes unresponsive but is breathing, keep hydrated and out of heat

  • Lie down with legs elevated

  • If unresponsive, keep in the recovery position to prevent their tongue obstructing the airway


  • During seizures, protect their head and don’t restrain them

  • After the seizure, place them in recovery position

  • If it’s their first seizure or it lasts beyond 5 minutes, call 999 for an ambulance


  • Use a credit card to scrape the stinger out to the side, never use a tweezer

  • Wash the area and apply an ice pack to reduce swelling

  • For signs of an anaphylaxis, call 999 for an ambulance

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Written by Fi Ramos, Public Health Nurse & First Aid Instructor at Act2care.

Information on this site is evidence based and provided to create awareness and advice only. If you are worried about a condition, seek medical advice.

Theoretical first aid tips are beneficial, however practical demonstrations and exercises are necessary for gaining high standard of first aid knowledge and skills.

If you are interested in gaining first aid skills, contact Fi to find our more about our paediatric first aid classes at

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